In general, the penalty for revoking is either one or two tricks transferred to the other side, depending on the circumstances.
The penalty for a call out of rotation again depends on circumstances. It may be accepted by offender's LHO, in which case there is no penalty. If not accepted, there are different penalties, as I said depending on the circumstances.
I've already dealt with LOOTs and insufficient bids in the other threads you started.
If you have a question about a specific case, David, Jim, or I will be happy to try to answer it. For more general information, the laws are online here
, and they and Larry Harris' excellent Bridge Directors' Companion
are available from both Baron-Barclay
and The ACBL.